Battleship had outplayed its role. INSTITUITION, INDIVIUALS and ORGANIZATION plays roles here. Washington Treaty hampered development (number, tonnage limitation). Needed to be aviator to understand carriers. The Depression, job stimulates created a stronger navy (they build ships).
Allison ORG or MOD II plays a vital factor in this development. There were hard choices to be made, on what to build, pursue of technology. Choices with risk and possibly fatal consequences.
The development of elevators, to improve flight cycles, armor, folding wings, one single large flight deck, better torpedoes for the planes did all give a better/more effective carrier force.